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Respond and provide additional insight to your colleagues related to issues and topics they may want to also consider. Use the Learning Resources and/or the best available evidence from current literature to support your explanation. please respond to this discussion Different Roles of the Nurse Practitioner A certified registered nurse practitioner (CRNP) has pursued a master’s and obtained the national board certification. CRNP are equipped to provide high-quality, safe, cost-effective, and patient-centered care. The educational background prepares them with specialized clinical competency and knowledge that enables them to practice in various settings. They can practice in almost every healthcare setting, including hospitals, clinics, emergency rooms, private practices, nursing homes, and others. CRNP provides healthcare services across all age groups and thus covers a broader field scope. They often provide care through the lifespan of each patient. They play an essential role in providing primary and specialty care for the community. Roles of CRNP include; ordering and interpreting diagnostic tests, making a diagnosis, pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic management, coordinating patient care, and education. CRNP can manage acute, chronic, and complex diseases (Poghosyan et al., 2017). They practice autonomously and in coordination with other health care providers. CRNP also play their roles in research as patient advocates and interdisciplinary consultants. A certified nurse-midwife is a highly educated and trained medical professional who provides comprehensive care to women and newborns during the antenatal and postnatal period. They are typically involved in obstetrics and gynecology care. According to Hastings-Tolsma et al. (2018), CNMs can work in various settings, including birthing centers, hospitals, OB/GYN clinics, private homes, midwifery practices, and health clinics. Roles of CNM consist of; patient education on birth options and preconception care, family planning services, performing physical examinations and ordering relevant diagnostic tests, monitoring maternal health and fetal well-being during the antenatal period, treating illnesses that arise during the pregnancy, nutritional counseling, engage specialist when need be during pregnancy and after birth, help in delivery, performing intervention techniques to induce labor or pain management during labor, provide care during the postpartum, perimenopausal and menopausal period. A physician Assistant (PA) holds an advanced degree and is licensed to provide direct healthcare services. They work in hospitals, physician offices, and clinics in collaboration with a licensed physician. It is important to note that physician assistants can provide care with significant autonomy (Van Erp et al., 2021). Some of the roles of a PA include; taking history, performing physical examinations, ordering and interpreting diagnostic tests such as lab works and imaging, making a diagnosis, and prescribing medications. It is complicated for patients to differentiate between the PA and CRNP when they receive care in many cases. However, it is important to highlight that in most cases, CRNPs and CNMWs provide holistic care centered on the person and not only on the disease. They provide care that recognizes cultural differences. CRNPs have an important role in health promotion, disease prevention, and health education and counseling; NPs guide patients in making smarter health and lifestyle choices. This difference in the care provides patients with the tools to identify that a CRNP provides the care, and it has impacted the form as I want to orient my practice as an FNP. References Hastings-Tolsma, M., Foster, S. W., Brucker, M. C., Nodine, P., Burpo, R., Camune, B., Griggs, J., & Callahan, T. J. (2018). Nature and scope of certified nurse-midwifery practice: A workforce study. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 27(21-22), 4000–4017. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.14489 Poghosyan, L., Liu, J., & Norful, A. A. (2017). Nurse practitioners as primary care providers with their own patient panels and organizational structures: A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 74, 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2017.05.004 ? Van Erp, R. M. A., Van Doorn, A. L., Van den Brink, G. T., Peters, J. W. B., Laurant, M. G. H., & Van Vught, A. J. (2021). Physician Assistants and Nurse Practitioners in Primary Care Plus: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Integrated Care, 21(1), 6. https://doi.org/10.5334/ijic.5485