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Your paper should include the following: Introduction, body, conclusion and refe
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Your paper should include the following: Introduction, body, conclusion and references. 1. An introduction that briefly explains your Case Study Scenario and the specific issue you are charged to address. 2. Your observations and insights on the issue you are addressing, based on the evidence. 3. A brief description of key stakeholders. (stakeholders need to be the college students and health educators at a minimun. You can include regular faculty or even the school board commitee. 4. The identification of an ethical, legal, or public policy issue related to the problem you are addressing and a description of what is at risk if the issue is ignored. 5. A proposal for two (2) strategies, interventions, or solutions – one must be a technological proposal. Include an evidence-based justification as to why and how your proposed strategies, interventions, or solutions will make a difference. 6. A request for organizational/institutional support, including resources needed to implement your proposals. Your paper should be 5-7 double-spaced pages in length (not including the reference page), must use references to support your solutions, and should be APA formatted. There should also be evidence that the assignment was thoroughly proofread. Case Study Information ( Your Charge is what you should be focusing on for the paper) (1)making healthier decisions around their sexuality and (2) the increasing substance use and abuse issues. See below Health Education Scenario: Smallton University (Title Slide) Welcome to your new job as a health educator! As part of your position, you will work with the Smallton University campus community to address some pressing health concerns faced by our students. Today we will talk about a health education initiative that I would like you to develop over the next several months. This initiative will provide an opportunity to apply your extensive knowledge of health education to a group of individuals who will greatly benefit from your expertise. (Overview Slide) Here is an overview of Smallton University and some health concerns encountered by students at Smallton. Smallton is a mid-sized college with an enrollment of approximately 4,000 students. Three-quarters of our student population is enrolled in undergraduate degree programs, with the remaining students in our graduate programs. While the age range of students is 17-48, the average age is 20. About 20% of students commute to campus, with the majority living in campus housing or local apartments. Of our commuter population, the vast majority (83%) are part-time students. Culturally, Smallton is highly diverse, with a mix of Caucasian, African-American, and Hispanic students. There is also a small but robust international student population, with students from South Korea, Ghana, Iran, Ireland, and several other nations. As one of the largest employers in the region, Smallton is vital to the community. A range of small businesses in the area rely on the patronage of students. For better or worse, this includes businesses that promote alcohol use. There are six bars and two liquor stores in town. Our local grocery store and convenience stores sell beer. We’ll be talking more about student alcohol use in a moment. The community around Smallton University has a limited number of health resources. The town has a small gym offering group exercise classes. The university itself has a gym, weight room, and an outdoor running track. There is also a tennis court and a basketball court on the south side of campus, as well as our outdoor football stadium on the west side. The university has a health center, with a part-time nurse practitioner and two full-time nurses. There is also a consulting medical doctor in case of need. The health center also houses a counseling center. The counseling team consists of one full-time social worker, a part-time social worker, and a consulting psychologist. The nearest community hospital is located ten miles from campus. Students not wishing to use health center services for reproductive health can use Planned Parenthood 15 miles away. At our meeting today, I will provide an overview of some of the health education needs reported by campus leadership. As the new health educator, campus leaders will look to you for guidance in meeting their goals. I want you to propose strategies, interventions, or solutions for the major health issues faced the Smallton students. Let’s talk about some of the pressing health concerns. (Weight and Body Image Concerns Slide) Our students often struggle with weight gain. Many report significant weight gain during freshman year, often called the Freshman 15. However, it is well documented that students tend to gain weight throughout their college years. Both male and female students frequently solicit weight-loss help from health center or campus gym staff. Staff counselors report treating an increasing number of students for eating disorders or high levels of anxiety around weight and body image. (Nutritional Challenges) Another concern noted is a lack of balanced nutrition in food offerings on campus. Nearly all in campus housing and many students living locally purchase university cafeteria meal plans. Students complain that the cafeteria does not offer many healthy food options. The cafeteria has a soup and salad bar, comprised mainly of broth and cream-based soup and salads with iceberg lettuce, limited selections of cut vegetables, and less healthy salad toppings like bacon, cheese, and high-calorie dressing. Entrees tend to be high-carbohydrate and heavily processed. Hamburgers, pizza, and deli meats are available at lunch and at dinner. Students with special dietary considerations, such as diabetes or gluten sensitivity, or dietary preferences such as vegetarianism or religious restrictions, report difficulty putting together nutritionally balanced meals from cafeteria offerings. Vending machines are available in dorms and in classroom buildings. Some healthy options, like protein bars and bottled water, are available in the machines. Most options include candy, salty snacks, sodas, and energy drinks. We tried adding healthful options to dormitory vending machines, such as yogurt, fresh fruit, and hummus, but students did not select these options. (Substance Use) Substance use and abuse is a growing concern for our student population. Like other college campuses, Smallton is not immune from illegal use of recreational drugs and the problems that result. Of greatest concern is an increase in heroin use, with two heroin overdoses reported during the past year. The health center’s annual report revealed a troubling increase in opioid pain medication requests, as well as for short-acting anxiety medications, such as Xanax, to deal with academic pressures. Misuse of all these medications has been reported. Alcohol use among students has become increasingly problematic in recent years. The national statistics around underage drinking have us alarmed. According to the 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health one in ten people 18–20 years old met diagnostic criteria for alcohol dependence or abuse. Numerous businesses in the community sell alcohol, and alcohol tends to be freely available at fraternity and sorority parties. Underage drinking, including binge drinking, is on the rise. Over a dozen underage students have been caught up in police sting operations attempting to buy alcohol at local bars and convenience stores. Just last year, one of our students was arrested for driving while intoxicated. This was after he totaled his car in a collision that injured three people. The local hospital has treated several students for alcohol overdoses related to binge drinking. (Unprotected Sex) Sexually transmitted disease rates are up at the university. This trend is seen across the US and even globally. In 2015, the World Health Organization cited unsafe sexual practices as a leading public health problem. An increasing number of students are diagnosed with, and treated for, STDs at the student health center. The number of new cases has more than tripled in the past five years. The health center has seen a steady increase in requests for emergency contraception access. Though we have heard of only a few cases of students becoming pregnant here at Smallton, we know that the risks will only increase for our students if we do not address the needs around safer sex, particularly given the drinking culture that we continue to battle. (Sexual Assault) Given the numbers of sexual assaults occurring on college campuses around the country, Smallton University wants to be proactive in preventing sexual assaults from occurring on and off campus. University officials want students to be informed on how to be safe from sexual assault both on and off campus. (Managing Stress) Students at Smallton University experience high levels of stress from a range of sources. Some students are better at studying than others. Some feel increased stress as they prepare for exams or major assignments. Students often report interpersonal stress, which can include making friends, roommate discord, dating and – especially for freshmen – homesickness. Financial pressure can cause additional stress for students. (Your Charge) As you can see, there are a number of pressing health concerns to be addressed at Smallton. University leaders have expressed two overarching priorities: (1) making healthier decisions around their sexuality and (2) the increasing substance use and abuse issues. Let’s tackle these problems one at a time. I want you to begin by formulating evidence-based strategies to address the problem of unprotected sex and sexuality decision-making.